Plant Diversity Conservation in the Buffer Zone


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TARGETED SPECIES

THE PROJECT

Ophrys kotschyi

The project mainly focuses on the two rarest endemic plants of Cyprus found within the buffer zone: Tulipa cypria (Cyprus tulip) and Ophrys kotschyi (Kotschyi's orchid). These species are considered by many as the most spectacular endemic plants of the island.

They are included in the Appendix I (strictly protected species) of the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. They are also included in the Annex II of the Habitats Directive of the European Union (Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora). According to this Directive,
Ophrys kotschyi is a "priority species"; that is a species "having priority in order to favour the early implementation of measures to conserve it".

Moreover, both species are included in the Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus, which includes the rarest and most threatened plants of the island. Finally, both species are included in the "List of Threatened Plants" compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as well as in the "European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants" of the United Nations (Economic Commission for Europe).

The project also promotes the conservation of other endemic, rare and threatened plants occurring in the same areas, such as
Helianthemum salicifolium var. glabrum, Allium cupani ssp. cyprium, Allium automnale, Allium willeanum, Onobrychis venosa and Astragalus cyprius.


Tulipa cypria

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