Establishment of a Plant Micro-reserve Netwrok in Cyprus for the Conservation of Priority Species and Habitats

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Koilada Kedron-Kambos


NATURA 2000 Code: CY 2000008

Surface area (ha): 18297

EU protection status: SPA & SCI

Other protection status according to national or regional legislation:
The site belongs to the Pafos Main State Forest (Permanent Forest Reserve). The area of Mavroi Kremoi (2,900 ha) has been designated as a Council of Europe Biogenetic Reserve. The area of Tripylos (823 ha) was designated as a Nature Reserve by the Ministerial Council Decision 24.524 on 18/5/1984. The area of Mavroi Kremoi (2557.6 ha) was designated as a Nature Reserve by the Ministerial Council Decision, decree 51.612 (257/89) on 19/4/2000. The whole Pafos Forest, which includes the site, has been characterised as an Important Bird Area (Birdlife Cyprus) and has been included in the Natura 2000 Network as SPA.

Main land uses and ownership status of the project area:
The site Koilada ton Kedron - Kambos is situated in the central part of Pafos Forest (Dasos Pafou) and therefore the entire area (100%) is state forest. The site covers an area of 18286 ha of woodland, mountainous landscape with rivers and streams dissecting from the higher peaks to the lower parts of the site.

Scientific description of project area:
The geological substrate of the site is composed of diabase rocks of the Troodos ophiolite. The mean yearly rainfall of the greater area of Pafos forest is 1060 mm and the mean maximum monthly rainfall, which occurs during November, is 264 mm. The mean daily maximum temperature (August) is 33.6 °C, the mean daily minimum temperature (December) 3.9 °C, the highest maximum temperature (August) is 39.5 °C, the highest minimum temperature (December) is -1°C and the minimum ground temperature (December) is 2.6° C with 8 frost days per year.
The dominant vegetation in the site is Pinus brutia forest (habitat type 9540), covering almost 86% of the site. The endemic oak Quercus alnifolia appears scattered at the lower parts of the site (400 m) but gradually it becomes more abundant and above 700-800 m it often dominates the understorey.
Pure Quercus alnifolia scrub and low forest (habitat type *9390) develops in large patches at the higher altitudes, especially at the central part of the site.
At Tripylos area (cedar valley) develops the unique endemic cedar forest of Cyprus (habitat type *9590). Cedrus brevifolia occupies the peak area but scattered small stands occur at the surrounding peaks, too. The main understorey component is Quercus alnifolia while Juniperus oxycedrus occurs very scarcely. At the margins of Tripylos forest mixed communities with Pinus brutia develop, and at certain sites patches of Pinus brutia forest alternate with patches of Cedrus forest. These areas are mapped as a mixture of habitats 9540 and *9590.

Importance of the project area for biodiversity and/or for the conservation of the species/habitat types targeted at regional, national and EU level:
The site Koilada ton Kedron-Kampos comprises extended natural habitats hosting a large number of flora and fauna species. The quality of the landscape regarding its naturalness is a prominent element of the ecological value of the site.
The site includes an extended, natural pine forest ecosystem at an excellent conservation status, the unique endemic cedar forest (*9590), large stands of Quercus alnifolia scrub (*9390), the riparian Oriental plane forests, which develop along the rivers and streams, and several other habitats, including three priority habitat types (matoral with Ziziphus - habitat type *5220, communities with annuals and grasses - habitat type *6220, Alluvial forests with Alnus orientalis - habitat type *91E0) and 9 other Annex I Dir. 92/43/EEC habitat types. The site hosts 36 endemic plants to Cyprus, out of which 3 are included in Annex II Dir. 92/43/EEC. One of them, *Arabis kennedyae, is priority species.

This site was selected for the establishment of two plant micro-reserves.
One of the two plant micro-reserves, which will be established in this site will focus on *Scrub and low forest vegetation of Quercus alnifolia and one will focus on *Arabis kennedyae and *Cedrus brevifolia forests (Cedrosetum brevifoliae).

The area where the plant micro-reserve will be established is state forest.

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